Philosophy, or a Vision into the Essence of Things Otherwise known as the Forms Pt 2

Subjectivity:

The essence of Subjectivity is the unique isolation of the Individual.

The Psychological:

The essence of the Psychological is that rational beings internalize experience through language. Consciousness itself can be seen as a set of all thoughts and emotions ever internalized, some constructive others destructive.

Character:

The essence of character is the summation of the Psychological, and can be considered the actualizable aspect of consciousness. Principles, values, ideas, emotions all contribute to a single essence which constitutes the Individual. This essence is constantly changing, and never static. A person is what he thinks and does. As the thief thinks of others’ property, so the businessman thinks of profits. Character is complex and contradictory, and we must agree with Aristotle who wrote that character traits exist along a spectrum of opposites (cf. Real Existence). It is for this reason, as the Jewish sages wrote, that there rarely exists the absolutely wicked or the absolutely righteous, but rather the averagely just or averagely wicked. Man is kind as he is cruel. Man is loving as he is hating.

The Intersubjective:

The essence of the Intersubjective is the relationship between thinking and feeling beings. It is not exclusively applicable to humans, but rather all animals. The Intersubjective can be mediated by the Objective, and from this results either clarity or confusion. There are no universal signs to express emotions, and so the use of symbols can cause confusion. Solipsism is a naive philosophy which can partly be explained by such mediating influences as language.

All emotions can be reduced to pleasure or pain. Such variation in circumstances and the origins of the pleasure or pain explain the variation of emotional labels.

It is worthwhile to elaborate on an aspect of language at this point. Language is constructed of arbitrary-meaning imposed on sets of concepts, whose simplest element is the word. While there exists universal Forms, there does not and can never exist a universal method of imposing meaning on certain words. Some simple words, by their obviousness, can be universally shared. When I say “cat,” the meaning is clear as to which animal I am applying this to, although the various ways of constructing the definition of cat might fail to be universal. Therefore the realm of Forms exists in the Pure Intuition which is above language.

For example let us consider the construction of certain concepts:

We begin with the Pure Form of Intuition:

  1. Pure Intuition of Cat
  2. “Cat” word = {Intuition of Cat}
  3. Fin

Now let us consider a complex concept like animal:

  1. Pure Intuition of Cat, Dog, Horse, Mouse, Cow, Bull etc etc.
  2. “Animal” word={ Intuition of Cat, Dog, Horse, Mouse, Cow, Bull…}
  3. Fin

A man who has never contemplated the existence of dinosaurs or giraffes could consider that the animal never includes anything above a certain height. He is simply wrong. He needs to acquaint himself with more knowledge to conceive the world more fully.

These intuitions of cat can differ due to material circumstances but that does not change the universal intuition of a cat. A deaf man can never understand the sounds a cat makes, but that does not mean the intuition of a cat is different, rather he is limited in his capabilities to see the proper Intuition of the cat. Just as we are limited in our 3-dimensional sensory capacities to intuit the forms, it may be the case that the cat has many more inaccessible aspects to it. But nonetheless, the Intuition to the extent it is developed and whole will cognize the cat. Since most people share these universal senses, there is a universal intuition of the cat.

The democratization and centralization of the modern era, whose prime achievements in language include the compilation of vast dictionaries, help to mitigate this, but only slightly. Our priors before reading a dictionary are so thoroughly embedded within our concepts, that a dictionary is like a moving jigsaw puzzle.

More complex words like democracy, republic, healthcare, economy, etc are never fully shared due to the arbitrariness of arranging simple words/concepts into more complex concepts

Solipsism, that idiotic and selfish belief in the ultimate Subjective isolation of the Individual, derives its power from miscommunication and variation in conceptual language. Only through the pure Intuition of other humans, even animals, can the essence, or in this case, the Soul, be recognized. Radical doubt to the point of self-oblivion is a kind of Psychological sickness. Moderate doubt, however, towards the appearance, or the symbology of the world, is necessary to intuit the truthful existence of things.

Writer, poet, philosopher